The Hungarian pediatrician and teacher Emmi Pikler was born in Vienna in 1902. In 1946 she founded an orphanage in Budapest, where she introduced her method of raising orphans. The application of this pedagogical system has led to impressive results. Pikler's ideas, with which she revolutionized the education of children more than 50 years ago, are nowadays more and more relevant and are applied in different countries of the world.
According to Emmi, at no age is a child a vessel that an adult should fill with their own knowledge and skills. She was convinced that a child at any age is a full-fledged friend of an adult and ready to cooperate.
In the first year of life, the toddler appears helpless and unable to show initiative. But children can very well show what they want, what they like and what they don't. A newborn can take on much more than adults, and their overprotectiveness can hinder the toddler. The main task of an adult is to learn to see and respect the needs and abilities of the child. It is necessary to give the child the opportunity to develop independently. The task of parents is to create a suitable environment that promotes natural and independent development. You need to be able to make mistakes in order to learn from them and activate self-learning skills.
Emmi Pikler died in 1984 at the age of 80. The organization "A Pikler Házról" named after her has been operating successfully since 1946 (www.pikler.hu). The list of representatives of the organization in different countries of the world is constantly growing (see the list on the link).